Professor Klaas van Egmond thinks he has found conclusive evidence that the poem and engraving on the front pages of the Shakespeare First Folio tell us that Shakespeare should be identified as the number π.
The exceptional accurate experimental approximation of pi by Lazzarini was a joke, not fraud
It is possible to approximate pi with throwing needles on a grid, but the result Italian mathematician Mario Lazzarini published in 1901 seems too good to be true. But was it fraud? A close look into his original paper sheds some new light on this issue.